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English

djective adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan atau memberi sifat pada kata benda.

Example         :  –    Rudi is a clever boy

–          She has brown eyes.

–          Etc.

Adjective Words

Awful

Awesome

Bad

Beautiful

Big

Brave

Careful

Cheerful

Childish

Clever

Diligent

Doubtful,  etc.

The kinds of adjective    :

  • Demonstrative à this, that, these, those

Example         : Although this is an old car, this car runs very fast.

That great news made her jump and jump in joy.

These grapes belong to her, while those belong to you

  • Distributive     à  each, every, either, neither

Example         :   Each child received a present.

Which chair do you want to sit?

Neither of them they’re both too small for me

I can stay at either hotel, they are both good.

  • Quantitative à  some, any, many, much.

Example         :  There are some problems on my work.

He didn’t make any mistakes

My mother bought many apples for me.

I have too much money in my pocket.

  • Interrogative            à  Which, what, whose

Example         :    Which Jones do you mean?

What books have you read?

Whose dictionary is this?

Comparisons of Adjectives

Formasi Perbandingan

  1. Kata sifat yang terdiri dari satu kata dan beberapa kata sifat yang bersuku    kata dua.
Positive Comparative Superlative
Brave Braver Bravest
Clever Cleverer Cleverest
Deep Deeper Deepest
Fast Faster Fastest
  1. Kata sifat yang terdiri dari dua suku kata atau lebih.

– Untuk Comparative degree gunakan kata more

– Untuk Superlative Degree gunakan kata most

Positive Comparative Superlative
Difficult More difficult Most difficult
Famous More famous Most famous
Necessary More necessary Most necessary
Useful More Useful Most useful
N

oun adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menyebut benda, seperti nama orang, tempat, benda dan lain-lain.

Noun is divided into 2 types           :

  • Concrete nouns       :

Book

Pencil

Ruler

Soldiers

Stick

Broom

Medicine

Paper

Shoes

Slippers

  • Abstract nouns         :

Belief

Darkness

Goodness

Depth

Happiness

Humanity

Length

Ignorance

Vacancy

Wisdom

Youth

Advertisement

Advisement

Argument

Collection

Delivery

Protection

Punishment

Flight

Moving

Entertainment

Discovery


Plural Forms of Noun

  1. Es plural

a.  Kata-kata yang harus diakhiri dengan Es adalah kata yang berakhiran huruf ch,sh, ss, x, s, z.

Classes, Churches, Dishes, Boxes, Witches.

  1. Kata yang diakhiri dengan y juga diakhiri dengan es tapi huruf y harus diganti dulu dengan i lalu menambahkannya dengan es.

Ladyà Ladies

Countryà Countries

c.  Kata yang berakhiran f atau fe, harus diganti dahulu dengan v lalu diikuti

es.

Thiefà Thieves

Knifeà Knives

d.   Kata yang berakhiran o diikuti      :

–  es                 : Negroà Negroes

Heroà Heroes

–  s                   :  Pianoà Pianos

Radioà Radios

  1. Macam lainnya

–  akhiran –en                  :  Children, oxen,

– Perubahan suara         :  Toothà Teeth                     Mouseà Mice

– Tidak ada perubahan :  Deer, series, sheep.

P

ronoun (kata ganti) adalah suatu kata yang digunakan untuk mengganti kata benda (noun).

Personal Pronouns Possesive Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun
As a subject As an object As a subject As an object
I Me My Mine Myself
You You Your Yours Yourself
He Him His His Himself
She Her Her Hers Herself
It It Its Itself
We Us Our Ours Ourselves
They Them Their Theirs Themselves

Example         :

  • Personal Pronouns

As a subject              :  Surya is absent, he is ill.

As an object             :  I love him so much.

  • Possesive Pronoun  :

As a subject              : This is my house.

As an object             : This house is mine.

  • Reflexive Pronoun   :

He hates himself.

Belum Ada Tanggapan to “English”

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